The structural weft threads on a knotted pile carpet, (formally referred to as a supplementary weft cut-loop pile carpet), alternate with a supplementary weft that surges at the right angles located on the surface of the weave. This weft is then adjoined to the warp using one of three knot types (such as the shag carpet, which was rather popular back in the 1970s) to form the nap or pile of the carpet.
Knotting by hand is a technique predominantly used in oriental carpet and rugs, including Kashmir carpets. Pile carpets can also be woven on a loom. Over the years, both horizontal and vertical looms have been used to in the production of oriental and European carpets. The process involves setting up of the frame of the loom before the commencing with any sort of weaving.
Several weavers can work together on the same carpet to complete a row of knots that are later on cut. The knots are normally secured for one or two hours using the rows of weft. In most cases, the carpet is cotton, whereas the weft is jute.
Even though there are numerous styles of knotting, the primary ones include the following:
When it comes to contemporary carpet production, some of the centers include:
To see just how important the carpet culture is in Turkmenistan, you can look at its national flag which features a red stripe near the hoist side that contains 5 carpet guls, or in other words the designs used in producing rugs. Kashmir is also renowned for hand knotted silk or wool carpets.
Child labor has always been closely linked with Asian rug companies. To counter this problem, the GoodWeave labeling initiative employed throughout Europe and North America helps to guarantee that no child labor was involved in the making of rugs imported exported to western nations. Importers pay a fee for the labels, and the proceeds go towards building monitoring centers of production and educating previously exploited children.